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matthew 16:18 meaning

By the rock on which Christ builds his church, is meant, not the person of Peter; for Christ does not say, upon thee Peter, but upon this rock, referring to something distinct from him: for though his name signifies a rock, or stone, and there may be some allusion to it; and he is so called because of his trust and confidence in the Lord, on whom he was built; but not because he was the foundation on which any others, and especially the whole church, were built: it is true, he may be called the foundation, as the rest of the twelve apostles of the Lamb are, ( Ephesians 2:20 ) ( Revelation 21:14 ) without any distinction from them, and preference to them; they and he agreeing in laying doctrinally and ministerially Christ Jesus as the foundation of faith and hope, but not in such sense as he is; neither he, nor they, are the foundation on which the church is built, which is Christ, and him only. And I say also unto thee. Proud member —The variations in the other Gospels—St. Answer: The debate rages over whether “the rock” on which Christ will build His church is Peter, or Peter’s confession that Jesus is “the Christ, the Son of the Living God” ( Matthew 16:16 ). There is one part of our Lord’s work which to many is a dead letter. Here again we have the figure of a building with keys to open from the outside. Is the Rock Peter's Confession? Peter, as an apostle, had no successor in his office; nor was he bishop of Rome; nor has the pope of Rome either his office, or his doctrine: but here, by the rock, is meant, either the confession of faith made by Peter; not the act, nor form, but the matter of it, it containing the prime articles of Christianity, and which are as immoveable as a rock; or rather Christ himself, who points, as it were, with his finger to himself, and whom Peter had made such a glorious confession of; and who was prefigured by the rock the Israelites drank water out of in the wilderness; and is comparable to any rock for height, shelter, strength, firmness, and duration; and is the one and only foundation of his church and people, and on whom their security, salvation, and happiness entirely depend. What does this verse really mean? 18 And I tell you that you are Peter, [ a ] and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades [ b ] will not overcome it. JESUS  is the Son of the living God. Revelation 2-3 is written in such a way that any Christian in any century could examine it and conclude he had some characteristics of each era, just as we can today. To use the Matthew 16:18 passage as the be-all of Catholic reliance on Scripture and tradition, he writes, is to lean on "a selective and fundamentalist interpretation of this one text." Matthew 16:18 Treasury of Scripture Knowing. In Revelation 1:18; Revelation 3:7 Christ the Risen Lord has “the keys of death and of Hades.” Daniel 2:44,45, Matthew 3:2, Luke 24:45-47, Matthew 16:18-20 and Matt 16:28 all point to the events of the pouring out of the Spirit, the first public gospel sermon and the first conversions to Christ which all occurred on … We are living stones who have put our faith in the confession that Peter once made, so many years ago - JESUS is the Messiah. The only difference shown now is that the authority first given to Simon Peter has now being given to all Jesus’ apostles. The aptness of this name to him is easy to be seen in his full assurance of faith, as to the person of Christ, and his free, open, and undaunted confession of him. O [ye] hypocrites, ye … Loving Father, thank You that I am Your child and that Christ is the Rock of my Salvation. Matthew 16–18 Introduction and Timeline for Matthew 16–18 Matthew 16 records that the Savior promised to give Peter the keys of the kingdom of heaven (see Matthew 16:18–19). All rights reserved. In fact, this is the first instance of the word church in the New Testament. We may recognize the word and may know its meaning. Peter trusted in Jesus as His Saviour and even when Satan sought to sift Peter as wheat, the gates of hell could not prevail against this child of God – for Christ was praying for him. This act of building seems to have a special regard to the conversion of God's elect, both among Jews and Gentiles, particularly the latter; and to the daily conversions of them in all ages; and to the building up of saints in faith and holiness; each of which will more manifestly appear in the latter day; and are both generally effected through the word, and ordinances, as means, the Spirit of Christ blessing them. Though his ministers are builders, they are but under builders; they are qualified, employed, directed, encouraged, and succeeded by him; he is the wise, able, and chief master builder. (19) I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.” Matthew … As he spoke in the name of them all, to Christ; so Christ spake to him, including them all. Upon establishing His church, Christ affirms that it would not die out, but continue until His return. Thoughts The conclusion that every man and woman born into the human race has to make at one time or another The pinnacle of the gospel story may be Jesus' dramatic statement, "You are Petros and on this petra I will build my church." The materials of this building are such, as are by nature no better, or more fit for it, than others: these stones originally lie in the same quarry with others; they are singled out, and separated from the rest, according to the sovereign will of God, by powerful and efficacious grace; and are broken and hewn by the Spirit of God, generally speaking, under the ministry of the word, and are, by him, made living stones; and being holy and spiritual persons, are built up a spiritual house: and these are the only persons which make up the true and invisible church of Christ in the issue, and are only fit to be members of the visible church; and all such ought to be in a Gospel church state, and partake of the privileges of it: these materials are of different sorts, and have a different place, and have a different usefulness in this building; some are only as common stones, and timber; others are as pillars, beams, and rafters; and all are useful and serviceable; and being put, and knit together, grow up as an holy temple to the Lord: and are called, by Christ, "my" church, because given him by the Father; and he has purchased them with his own blood; are built by him, and on him; inhabited by him, and of whom he is the head, king, and governor; though not to the exclusion of the Father, whose house they also are; nor of the Spirit, who dwells in them, as in his temple. Matthew 5:13(NASB) Verse Thoughts The Church is the body of Christ and in His absence from the world we are called to be the salt of the earth and yet we are also warned that if salt loses it saltiness it is good for nothing, other than to be thrown out and trampled under foot. The words written in Greek show a relationship not so obvious in English. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. May I build my confession of faith upon Christ and Christ alone, who is my precious Saviour and loving Friend, in Whose name I pray, AMEN. Here, Jesus is responding to Peter's declaration that He is the Christ, the Son of the Living God. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. What precisely the verbal meaning of the statement is—whether that the gates of Hades shall not prevail in conflict against it, as ordinarily understood; or merely that the gates, etc., shall not be stronger than it, without thought of a conflict (Weiss), is of minor moment; the point is that it is not an absolute promise. Commentary on Matthew 16:13-20 (Read Matthew 16:13-20 ) Peter, for himself and his brethren, said that they were assured of our Lord's being the promised Messiah, the Son of the living God. The Church that Christ has been building is different from any other group of people for it has been built up of men and women of all races and languages, Jews and Gentiles who are being united to form a new temple – a residence for God, where Christ is the Head. Only on that condition is the statement about the πύλαι ᾅδου, Matthew 16:18, clause 2, valid. The Jews speak of the gates of hell: sometimes of the gate of hell, in the singular number F16; and sometimes of the gates of hell, in the plural number. Mark giving simply, “Thou art the Christ,” and St. Luke, “The Christ of God”—are interesting in their bearing on the question of literal inspiration, but do not affect the meaning; and the fullest of the three reports may be received without hesitation as the most authentic. Some of you may even think you have fasted before because you were forced to do so for some medical test or as part of a diet to lose weight. Though the end of His labours must be the Cross, He would leave behind Him … According to the interpretation of the Roman Catholic Church, this rock refers to Peter… Matthew 16:18. JESUS the Christ, the anointed  One. Barnes states that "the whole meaning of the passage is this: I will make you the honored instrument of making known my gospel first to Jews and Gentiles and will make you a firm and distinguished preacher in building my church." Matthew 16:18. Another scripture where Jesus refers to Himself as "THIS". David N. Bivin 1994Sep01 Articles 3 Comments. By the kingdom of heaven is meant the Gospel, which comes from heaven, declares the king Messiah to be come, speaks of things concerning his kingdom, is the means of setting it up, and enlarging it, displays the riches of his grace, and gives an account of the kingdom … The church was not to be founded on Peter the person but upon the wonderful and eternally significant confession about the person of Christ, that God revealed to him. This morning we come to a topic that many are probably unfamiliar with – fasting. Matthew 16:18. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. It was this wonderful and eternally significant proclamation that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, the Messiah of Israel and the Saviour of mankind upon which the Lord Jesus would build His Church – for His spilt blood was to seal the fate of Satan and destroy the evil power of death and hell, that had snaked its icy fingers around the throat of every man and woman born into the human race. Pentecost AD 31 until today to Himself as `` this '', Jesus is responding to Peter 's that... To a topic that many are probably unfamiliar with – fasting gates of shall... Shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions, Son... The New Testament Christ ; so Christ spake to Him, including them all ’ s work which many... It is often misused the conclusion that every man and woman born into the human race has make! Though the end of His labours must be the Cross, He would leave Him! 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